Greenland is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located in the Boston Mountains, deep in the Ozark Mountains. Early settlers found prosperity by growing fruit, including apples and a variety of berries, and raising chickens. The completion of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway through the mountains in 1882 further grew the local economy, leading Greenland to incorporate in 1910. Located immediately south of Fayetteville in the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Greenland has been experiencing a population boom in recent years, as indicated by a 39% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.
Greenland is located at 35°59′41″N 94°10′51″W / 35.99472°N 94.18083°W / 35.99472; -94.18083 (35.994749, -94.180699).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km), of which 2.7 square miles (7.0 km) is land and 0.37% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 907 people, 335 households, and 259 families residing in the city. The population density was 331.9 people per square mile (128.3/km²). There were 361 housing units at an average density of 132.1/sq mi (51.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.48% White, 1.10% Black or African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 2.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 335 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, 78% were indicated to have received a high school diploma, 13% to have received a bachelor’s degree, almost exclusively from U of A.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,643, and the median income for a family was $33,875. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $14,750 for females, indicative of the large income disparity among males and females living in the region. The per capita income for the city was $16,127. About 57.9% of families and 33.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.2% of those under age 18 and 41.3% of those age 65 or over.