Arkansas (/ˈɑːrkənsɔː/ AR-kən-saw) is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is from the Osage language, of Siouan derivation; it denoted their related kin, the Quapaw people. The state’s diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Arkansas was 3,013,825 on July 1, 2018, a 3.36% increase since the 2010 United States Census.
As of 2018, Arkansas has an estimated population of 3,013,825. From fewer than 15,000 in 1820, Arkansas’s population grew to 52,240 during a special census in 1835, far exceeding the 40,000 required to apply for statehood. Following statehood in 1836, the population doubled each decade until the 1870 Census conducted following the Civil War. The state recorded growth in each successive decade, although it gradually slowed in the 20th century.
It recorded population losses in the 1950 and 1960 Censuses. This outmigration was a result of multiple factors, including farm mechanization, decreasing labor demand, and young educated people leaving the state due to a lack of non-farming industry in the state. Arkansas again began to grow, recording positive growth rates ever since and exceeding the 2 million mark during the 1980 Census. Arkansas’s rate of change, age distributions, and gender distributions mirror national averages. Minority group data also approximates national averages. There are fewer people in Arkansas of Hispanic or Latino origin than the national average. The center of population of Arkansas for 2000 was located in Perry County, near Nogal.
In terms of race and ethnicity, the state was 80.1% white (74.2% non-Hispanic white), 15.6% black or African American, 0.9% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.3% Asian, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 6.6% of the population.
As of 2011, 39.0% of Arkansas’s population younger than age 1 were minorities.
European Americans have a strong presence in the northwestern Ozarks and the central part of the state. African Americans live mainly in the southern and eastern parts of the state. Arkansans of Irish, English and German ancestry are mostly found in the far northwestern Ozarks near the Missouri border. Ancestors of the Irish in the Ozarks were chiefly Scots-Irish, Protestants from Northern Ireland, the Scottish lowlands and northern England part of the largest group of immigrants from Great Britain and Ireland before the American Revolution. English and Scots-Irish immigrants settled throughout the backcountry of the South and in the more mountainous areas. Americans of English stock are found throughout the state.
A 2010 survey of the principal ancestries of Arkansas’s residents revealed the following:
Most of the people identifying as American are of English descent and/or Scots-Irish descent. Their families have been in the state so long, in many cases since before statehood, that they choose to identify simply as having American ancestry or do not in fact know their own ancestry. Their ancestry primarily goes back to the original 13 colonies and for this reason many of them today simply claim American ancestry. Many people who identify themselves as Irish descent are in fact of Scots-Irish descent.
According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, 93.8% of Arkansas’s population (over the age of five) spoke only English at home. About 4.5% of the state’s population spoke Spanish at home. About 0.7% of the state’s population spoke any other Indo-European languages. About 0.8% of the state’s population spoke an Asian language, and 0.2% spoke other languages.
Arkansas, like most other Southern states, is part of the Bible Belt and is predominantly Protestant. The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 661,382; the United Methodist Church with 158,574; non-denominational Evangelical Protestants with 129,638; the Catholic Church with 122,662; and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 31,254. There are some residents of the state who live by other religions such as Islam, Judaism, Wicca, Paganism, Hinduism, Buddhism or who claim no religious affiliation.
Zip Code Map
Arkansas neighborhoods include: Adona, Alco, Alexander, Alicia, Alma, Almyra, Alpena, Altus, Amagon, Amity, Antoine, Arkadelphia, Arkansas City, Armorel, Ashdown, Ash Flat, Atkins, Austin, Bald Knob, Barling, Bassett, Batesville, Bauxite, Bay, Beebe, Bee Branch, Beedeville, Bella Vista, Benton, Bentonville, Berryville, Bethel Heights, Bigelow, Biggers, Bismarck, Black Oak, Black Rock, Blue Mountain, Bluff City, Blytheville, Bonnerdale, Bono, Booneville, Bradford, Bradley, Branch, Brockwell, Brookland, Bryant, Burdette, Cabot, Caddo Gap, Caddo Valley, Cale, Calico Rock, Cammack Village, Canehill, Caraway, Carlisle, Casa, Cash, Casscoe, Cave City, Cave Springs, Cecil, Cedarville, Center Point, Center Ridge, Centerton, Charleston, Charlotte, Cherokee Village, Cherry Valley, Chester, Choctaw, Cleveland, Clinton, Colt, Compton, Concord, Conway, Cord, Corning, Cove, Crocketts Bluff, Crossett, Damascus, Datto, Decatur, Deer, Delaware, Delight, Dell, Dennard, Dermott, De Witt, Diamond City, Dierks, Dolph, Donaldson, Dover, Drasco, Driver, Dumas, Dyess, Earle, Elkins, El Paso, Emerson, Emmet, England, Enola, Ethel, Etowah, Eudora, Eureka Springs, Evansville, Evening Shade, Everton, Fairfield Bay, Farmington, Fayetteville, Fifty Six, Fisher, Floral, Foreman, Fort Smith, Fountain Hill, Fox, Franklin, Frenchmans Bayou, Friendship, Garfield, Gentry, Georgetown, Gillett, Gillham, Glenwood, Gould, Grady, Grannis, Gravette, Greenbrier, Green Forest, Greenway, Griffithville, Guion, Gurdon, Hackett, Hamburg, Hardy, Harrisburg, Harrison, Hasty, Hatfield, Hattieville, Havana, Hector, Hensley, Heth, Hickory Ridge, Higginson, Highland, Hindsville, Hiwasse, Horseshoe Bend, Hot Springs National Park, Hot Springs Village, Houston, Hoxie, Humnoke, Humphrey, Huntington, Imboden, Jacksonville, Jasper, Jerusalem, Jessieville, Joiner, Jonesboro, Jones Mill, Judsonia, Keiser, Keo, Kirby, Knobel, Lake City, Lake Village, Lamar, Langley, Leachville, Lead Hill, Leola, Lepanto, Lincoln, Little Rock, Little Rock Air Force Base, Locust Grove, London, Lonoke, Lonsdale, Lowell, Luxora, Lynn, Mabelvale, Magazine, Magnolia, Malvern, Mammoth Spring, Manila, Marble Falls, Marcella, Marion, Marked Tree, Marmaduke, Maumelle, Mayflower, Maynard, Maysville, Mc Crory, Mc Dougal, Mc Gehee, Mc Neil, Mc Rae, Melbourne, Mena, Mineral Springs, Minturn, Monette, Montrose, Morrilton, Morrow, Mountainburg, Mountain Home, Mountain Pine, Mountain View, Mount Ida, Mount Judea, Mount Pleasant, Mount Vernon, Mulberry, Murfreesboro, Nashville, Natural Dam, Newark, New Blaine, Newhope, Newport, Norman, North Little Rock, Oden, Ogden, Oil Trough, O Kean, Okolona, Omaha, Onia, Oppelo, Osceola, Oxford, Ozark, Pangburn, Paragould, Paris, Parkdale, Parkin, Paron, Parthenon, Peach Orchard, Pearcy, Pea Ridge, Peel, Pelsor, Pencil Bluff, Perry, Perryville, Pettigrew, Pickens, Piggott, Pineville, Pleasant Grove, Pleasant Plains, Plumerville, Pocahontas, Pollard, Ponca, Portia, Portland, Pottsville, Poughkeepsie, Powhatan, Poyen, Prairie Grove, Prescott, Quitman, Ratcliff, Ravenden, Ravenden Springs, Rector, Rockport, Rogers, Roland, Romance, Rose Bud, Rosie, Rosston, Royal, Rudy, Russellville, Saffell, Sage, Saint Charles, Saint Francis, Saratoga, Scotland, Scott, Scranton, Searcy, Sedgwick, Sherwood, Shirley, Sidney, Siloam Springs, Sims, Smithville, Snow Lake, Solgohachia, Sparkman, Springdale, Springfield, Stamps, Star City, State University, Stephens, Story, Strawberry, Stuttgart, Subiaco, Success, Sulphur Rock, Sulphur Springs, Summers, Swifton, Taylor, Tichnor, Tillar, Tilly, Timbo, Traskwood, Trumann, Tuckerman, Tyronza, Umpire, Uniontown, Van Buren, Vandervoort, Vendor, Vilonia, Violet Hill, Waldo, Walnut Ridge, Ward, Warm Springs, Watson, Weiner, Wesley, Western Grove, West Fork, West Memphis, White Hall, Wickes, Williford, Willisville, Wilmar, Wilmot, Wilson, Wilton, Winchester, Winslow, Winthrop, Wiseman, Wynne, Yorktown
For more information, see Arkansas wiki